References

The following list of relevant scientific publications pertains to the years 1993-1995 and includes team member publications not specifically referenced in the previous discussion. For a more detailed listing of publications relevant to each year of our EOS interdisciplinary investigation, please see previous annual research reports.

Abarca, R., D. Gambis, and D. Salstein, Partial atmospheric forcing of length of day signals near the decadal time scale, XXI International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, Boulder, CO, 1995.

Asrar, G., and J. Dozier, EOS: Science Strategy for the Earth Observing System, AIP Press, July 1994.

Asrar, G., and R. Greenstone (Editors), MTPE EOS Reference Handbook, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, 1995.

Barron, E. J., D. Hartmann, D. Schimel, and Mark Schoeberl, Earth Observing System: Science Contributions to National Goals and Interests, Penn State, University Park, PA, 1995.

Born, G., B. Tapley, J. Ries and B. Stewart, Accurate measurement of mean sea level changes by altimetric satellites, J. Geophys. Res., 91 (C10), 11775-11782, 1986.

Chao, B. F., and W. P. O'Connor, Global surface water-induced seasonal variations in the Earth's rotation and gravitational field, Geophys. J. Int., 94 , 263-270, 1988.

Chao, B. F., and A. Y. Au, Temporal variation of the Earth's low-degree zonal gravitational field caused by atmospheric mass redistribution: 1980-1989, J. Geophys. Res., 96(B4), 6569-6575, 1991.

Chao, B. F., and R. J. Eanes, Global gravitational changes due to atmospheric mass redistribution as observed by Lageos' nodal residual, J. Geophys. Res., in press, 1995.

Cheng, M. K., R. J. Eanes, C. K. Shum, B. E. Schutz, and B. D. Tapley, Observed temporal variations in the Earth's gravity field from 16-year Starlette orbit analysis, Proc. IUGG XX General Assembly, 1993.

Cheng, M. K., R. J. Eanes, C. K. Shum, B. E. Schutz, and B. D. Tapley, Geodynamic results from long-term SLR data, IAG General Meeting, Beijing, China, August 6-13, 1993.

Cheng, M., C. K. Shum, B. D. Tapley, and C. Wilson, Global constraint on modeling the time-varying gravitational field from analysis of SLR to geodetic satellites, American Geophysical Union Spring Meeting, Baltimore, MD, 1994.

Cheng, M. K., C. K. Shum, and B. D. Tapley, Global constraint on the modeling of mass transport within the Earth system from long-term SLR observations, Proc. IUGG, XII General Assembly, Boulder, Co., July 1995.

Dickey, J.O., T.A. Clark, T.M. Eubanks, M. Feissel, W.G. Melbourne, J.R. Ray, D.A. Salstein, B.E. Schutz, and C. Veillet, SEARCH'92 Campaign: An overview, I-1, International Earth Rotation Service, Observatory of Paris, 1994.

Douglas, B., Global sea level rise, J. Geophys. Res., 96(C4), 6981-6992, 1991.

Eanes R. J., and S. V. Bettadpur, Ocean tides from two years of TOPEX/Poseidon Altimetry, Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, Baltimore, Maryland, 1994.

Eanes, R. J., Observational constraints on time variations of the Earth's mass distribution from monitoring satellite orbits and geocenter motion (invited), XXI General Assembly, IUGG, Boulder, Colorado, July 1995.

Eanes, R. J., and S. V. Bettadpur, Temporal variability of Earth's gravitational field from satellite laser ranging observations (invited), XXI General Assembly, IUGG, Boulder, Colorado, July 1995.

Famiglietti, J. S. and E. F. Wood, Multi-Scale Modeling of Spatially-Variable Water and Energy Balance Processes, Wat. Resour. Res., 30(11), 3061-3078, 1994. Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 1994.

Fu, L. L., and R. D. Smith, Global ocean circulation from satellite altimetry and high-resolution computer simulation, Science, in review, 1995.

Fukumori, I., and P. Malanotte-Rizzoli, An approximate Kalman filter for ocean data assimilation: An example with an idealized Gulf Stream model,J. Geophys. Res., 100, 6777-6793, 1995.

Gaspar, P., and R. M. Ponte, Relation between sea level and barometric pressure determined from altimeter data and model simulations, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 1994.

Hide, R., J. O. Dickey, S. L. Marcus, R. D. Rosen, and D. A. Salstein, Atmospheric angular momentum fluctuations in general circulation models during the AMIP period (1979-1988): Report on AMIP diagnostics sub-project number 15, Proc. First International AMIP Scientific Conference, May 15-19, 1995, Monterey CA, in preparation, 1995.

Hoar, T. and C. Wilson, Geosat observations of sea level response to barometric pressure forcing, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 2515-2518, 1994.

James, T. S., and E. R. Ivins, Present-day Antarctic ice mass changes and crustal motion, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 973-976, 1995.

Jordi, C., L. Morrison, R. Rosen, D. Salstein, and G. Rossello, Fluctuations in the Earth's rotation since 1830 from high-resolution astronomical data, Geophys J. Int., 117, 811-818, 1994.

Kozel, B. J., C. K. Shum, J. C. Ries, and B. D. Tapley, Precision orbit determination using dual-satellite altimeter crossover measurements,Proc. AIAA/AAS Space Flight Mechanics Meeting, Cocoa Beach, Fla., February 14-16, 1994.

Kozel, B. J., Dual-satellite altimeter crossover measurements for precise orbit determination, Ph.D. diss., University of Texas at Austin, 1995.

Kuehne, J., and C. R. Wilson, Terrestrial water storage and polar motion, IJ. Geophys. Res., 96(B3), March 1991.

Kuehne, J., and C. R. Wilson, More on atmospheric excitation of non-seasonal polar motion, Spring AGU Meeting, Baltimore, MD, May, 1993.

Kuehne, J., S. Johnson, and C. R. Wilson, Atmospheric excitation of non-seasonal polar motion, J. Geophys. Res., 98,(B11), 19,973-19,978, 1993.

Kuehne, J., and C. Wilson, Atmospheric angular momentum variations at high frequencies, XXI General Assembly, IUGG, Boulder, Colorado, July 1995.

Lei X.-P., and B. Gao, The excitation of water storage distribution and the annual wobble, Act Astronomical Sinnican, 33(1), 1992.

Leuliette, E., J. Wahr, and R. M. Ponte, Coupled pattern analysis of satellite altimetry data, XXI International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics General Assembly, Boulder, CO, 1995.

Ma, X. C., C. K. Shum, R. J. Eanes, and B. D. Tapley, Determination of ocean tides from the first year of TOPEX/Poseidon altimeter measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 99 (C12), 24,809-24,820, 1994.

Marshall, J. A., S. M. Klosko, and J. C. Ries, Dynamics of SLR tracked satellites, Rev. Geophys., Suppl., 353-360, July 1995.

Peltier, W., Global sea level and Earth rotation, Science, 240, May 1988.

Ponte, R. M., and R. D. Rosen, Determining torques over the ocean and their role in the planetary momentum budget, J. Geophys. Res., 98(D4), 7317-7325, April 20, 1993.

Ponte, R. M., and R. D. Rosen, Oceanic angular momentum and torques in a general circulation model, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 24, 1966-1977, 1994.

Ponte, R. M., R. D. Rosen, and G. J. Boer, Angular momentum and torques in a simulation of the atmosphere's response to the 1982-83 El Niño, J. Climate, 4, 538-550, 1994.

Ponte, R. M., Oceanic excitation of seasonal to daily signals in Earth rotation: results from a constant-density numerical model, submitted to Geophys. J. Int., 1995a.

Ponte, R. M., Determining the ocean's response to atmospheric pressure forcing, XXI International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics General Assembly, Boulder, CO, 1995b.

Rosen, R. D., D. A. Salstein, T. M. Eubanks, and J. O. Dickey, An El Niño signal in atmospheric angular momentum and Earth rotation, Science, 225, 411-414, 1984.

Rosen, R. D., and W. J. Gutowski, Response of zonal winds and atmospheric angular momentum to a doubling of CO2, J. Climate, 5, 1391-1404, 1992.

Rosen, R. D., The axial momentum balance of Earth and its fluid envelope, Surv. Geophys., 14, 1-29, 1993.

Rosen, R. D., D. A. Salstein, and S. L. Marcus, Model intercomparison of low-frequency signals in atmospheric angular momentum, Preprints Sixth Conf. Climate Variations, Nashville, TN, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 250-255, 1994.

Rosen, R. D., The Global Energy Cycle, Global Water and Energy Cycles, book in preparation, edited by K. A. Browning and R. T. Gurney, Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Salstein, D. A., D. M. Kann, A. J. Miller, and R. D. Rosen, The Sub-Bureau for Atmospheric Angular Momentum of the International Earth Rotation Service: A meteorological data center with geodetic applications, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 74, 67-80, 1993.

Salstein, D. A., Monitoring winds and pressures for Earth orientation studies, Advances in Space Research, 11, 175-184, 1993.

Salstein, D. A., Comparison of diagnostics from different resolution models, presented at the NMC/NOAA Climate Reanalysis System Review, National Meteorological Center, Washington, D.C., October, 1993.

Salstein, D. A., Sub-bureau for Atmospheric Angular Momentum, In IERS 1993 Annual Report, International Earth Rotation Service, Observatory of Paris, 1994a.

Salstein, D. A., Angular momentum statistics from atmospheric analyses (for Earth rotation/polar motion), NASA Dynamics of Solid Earth Meeting, Boulder, CO, 1994b.

Salstein, D. A., Atmospheric forcing of Earth rotation during the January 1994 intensive campaign, Eos Trans. AGU, 75, G41-6, 111, 1994c.

Salstein, D. A. and D. M. Kann, Activities of the Sub-bureau for Atmospheric Angular Momentum in Support of SEARCH'92, IERS Tech. Note 16, II-15, International Earth Rotation Service, Observatory of Paris, 1994.

Salstein, D. A., and R. D. Rosen, Topographic forcing of a rapid change in the length of day, Science, 264, 407-409, 1994a.

Salstein, D. A., K. Cady-Pereira, C. K. Shum, and J. Xu, Use of ERS-1 scatterometry to study Earth's momentum balance, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 1994.

Salstein, D. A. [convenor] Future developments in atmospheric and oceanic data relevant to Earth rotation, Workshop, International Earth Rotation Service, Paris, 1995.

Salstein, D. A., Sub-bureau for Atmospheric Angular Momentum, in IERS 1994 Annual Report, International Earth Rotation Service, Observatory of Paris, 1995.

Salstein, D. A., and A. J. Miller, Monitoring atmospheric angular momentum indices for geophysical research and geodesy, XXI International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics General Assembly, Boulder, CO, 1995.

Salstein, D., R. Ponte, and R. Rosen, Reanalysis and modeling efforts to assess atmospheric and oceanic angular momentum, Workshop, International Earth Rotation Service, Paris, 1995.

Salstein, D. A., and R. D. Rosen, Global momentum and energy diagnostics, Spring 1995 Workshop at Goddard Space Flight Center on Results from the GEOS 5-year Assimilation, 1995.

Salstein, D. A., and R. D. Rosen, Validation of model-based and analyzed momentum and moisture diagnostics, Proc. 19th Annual NOAA Climate Diagnostics Workshop, pp. 218-221, 1995.

Schubert, S., R. Rood, and J. Pfaendtner, An assimilated data set for Earth science applications, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 74(12), 2331-2342, 1993.

Schutz, B. E., M. K. Cheng, R. J. Eanes, C. K. Shum and B. D. Tapley, Geodynamic results from Starlette orbit analysis, in Contributions of Space Geodesy and Geodynamics: Earth Dynamics, Geodyn. Ser., vol. 24, edited by D. E. Smith and D. L. Turcotte, pp. 175-190, AGU, Washington, D.C., 1993.

Schutz, B. E., Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS): A spaceborne laser altimeter for ice sheet mass balance applications, Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, Calif., December 1993.

Semtner, A. J., and R. M. Chervin, Ocean general circulation from a global eddy-resolving model, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 5493-5550, 1992.

Shum, C. K., B. D. Tapley, B. J. Kozel, P. Visser, J. C. Ries, and J. Seago, Precise orbit analysis and global verification results from ERS-1 altimetry, in Proceedings of the Second ERS-1 Symposium, Space at the Service of Our Environment, pp. 747-752, European Space Agency, Paris, 1993a.

Shum, C. K., B. D. Tapley, D. P. Chambers, and J. C. Ries, Observing large-scale dynamic sea surface topography using satellite altimetry, IAG General Meeting, Beijing, China, August 6-13, 1993b.

Shum, C. K., and B. D. Tapley, Satellite altimetry measurements for ocean model assimilation and comparison studies, presented at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, November 8-9, 1993c.

Shum, C. K., B. D. Tapley, and J. C. Ries, Satellite altimetry: Its applications and accuracy assessment, Adv. Space Res., 13(11), 315-324, 1993d.

Shum, C. K., D. P. Chambers, J. C. Ries, D. N. Yuan, and B. D. Tapley, The determination of large-scale sea surface topography and its variations using Geosat altimetry, in Gravimetry and Space Techniques Applied to Geodynamics and Ocean Dynamics, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 82, edited by B. E. Schutz et al., pp. 21-32, AGU, Washington, D.C., 1994a.

Shum, C. K., B. D. Tapley, J. C. Ries, D. P. Chambers, and B. J. Kozel, Global verification results for robust analysis of multi-satellite altimetric sea level measurements, European Geophysical Society Meeting, Grenoble, France, April 25-29, 1994b.

Shum, C. K., B. D. Tapley, J. C. Ries, and M. Guman, Observing mean sea level variations using TOPEX/Poseidon altimetry, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 1994c.

Shum, C. K., B. D. Tapley, and J. C. Ries, The accuracy and applications of satellite altimetry, Geophys. J. Int., 121, 321-336, 1995.

Shum, C. K., C. LeProvost, M. Parke, R. Ray, and P. Woodworth, Review of recent ocean tide models and their accuracies, Proc. International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Oceans, XXI General Assembly, August 5-12, 1995.

Stewart, R. H., T. J. Johnson, L. Ji, C. K. Shum, and B. D. Tapley, Structure of space-time variability of geostrophic currents in the southern ocean, Recent Advances in Marine Science and Technology '92, 127-139, 1993.

Tapley, B. D., C. K. Shum, J. C. Ries, R. Suter, and B. E. Schutz, Monitoring of changes in global mean sea level using Geosat altimeter, in Sea Level Changes: Determination and Effects, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 69, edited by P. L. Woodworth et al., pp. 167-180, AGU, Washington, D.C., 1992.

Tapley, B. D., B. E. Schutz, R. J. Eanes, J. C. Ries, and M. M. Watkins, Lageos laser ranging contributions to geodynamics, geodesy, and orbital dynamics, in Contributions of Space Geodesy to Geodynamics: Earth Dynamics, Geodyn. Ser., vol. 24, edited by D. E. Smith and D. L. Turcotte, pp. 147-174, AGU, Washington, D. C., 1993.

Tapley, B. D., Global ocean topography from TOPEX/Poseidon: Results and accuracy assessment, EOS IWG Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, January 11-13, 1994.

Tapley, B. D., J. C. Ries, and C. K. Shum, Global verification results for TOPEX/ Poseidon and ERS-1 altimetry, IGARSS '94, Pasadena, California, August 8-12, 1994.

Tapley, B. D., Geodetic and geodynamic contributions of TOPEX/Poseidon (invited paper), American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 1994.

Tapley, B. D. (Chairman), et al., Report of the Altimeter Study Group to NASA Headquarters and the EOS Payload Advisory Panel, December 1994.

Warrick, R. A., and H. Oerlemans, Sea level rise, in Climate Change: The IPCC Scientific Assessment, edited by J. T. Houghton, G. J. Jenkins, and J. J. Ephraums, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1990.

Watkins, M. M., and R. J. Eanes, Long-term changes in the Earth's shape, rotation, and geocenter, Advances in Space Research, 13(11), 251-255, 1993.

Watkins, M. M., R. J. Eanes, and C. Ma, Comparison of terrestrial reference frame velocities determined from SLR and VLBI, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21(3), 169-172, 1994.

Watkins, M. M., and R. J. Eanes, Diurnal and semidiurnal variations in Earth orientation determined from Lageos laser ranging, J. Geophys. Res., 99 , 18,073-18,079, 1994.

Wilson, C., Contributions of water mass redistribution to polar motion excitation, in Contributions of Space Geodesy to Geodynamics: Earth Dynamics, Geodyn. Ser., vol. 24, edited by D. E. Smith and D. L. Turcotte, pp. 77-82, AGU, Washington, D.C., 1993.

Wilson, C., Earth rotation and global change, Rev. Geophys., Suppl., 225-229, July 1995.

Zhu, Y. Z., C. K. Shum, M. K. Cheng, B. D. Tapley, and B. F. Chao, Long-period variations in gravity field caused by mantle anelasticity, submitted to J. Geophys. Res., 1995.


Selected Publications

Chao, B. F., and R. J. Eanes, Global gravitational changes due to atmospheric mass redistribution as observed by Lageos' nodal residual, Geophys. J. Int., in press, 1995.

Rosen, R. D., and W. J. Gutowski, Response of zonal winds and atmospheric angular momentum to a doubling of CO2, J. Climate, 5, 1391-1404, 1992.

Salstein, D. A., and R. D. Rosen, Topographic forcing of the atmosphere and a rapid change in the length of day, Science, 264, 407-409, 1994.

Shum, C. K., J. C. Ries, and B. D. Tapley, The accuracy and applications of satellite altimetry, Geophys. J. Int., 121, 321-336, 1995.

Wilson, C. R., Earth rotation and global change, Rev. Geophys., Suppl., 225-229, July 1995.